Vivendi (first era)
Vivendi was created in 1998 from what used to be the Compagnie générale des eaux, an industrial conglomerate, which was transformed into a media company.
Vivendi (second era)
In October 8, 2003, Vivendi Universal agreed to merge its Vivendi Universal Entertainment subsidiary (excluding Universal Music) with General Electric's NBC, to form NBC Universal. This deal closed May 12, 2004. From 2004 to January 2011, Vivendi owned 20 percent of NBC Universal. In 2006, to reflect Vivendi Universal's reduced interest in Universal, the name was reverted back to simply Vivendi.